Ok - so I'm preparing for my Sunday School lesson (I'm teaching high school kids ECF and using Fr Jack Custer's "The Holy Gospel - a Byzantine Perspective" as my text).
I'll admit that I've never given this particular item much thought until now:
The 12 Apostles.
Ok - all the lists in the synoptics agree except with this 11th man.
Matthew and Mark call him "Thaddeus / Labbeus"
Luke calls him "Judas of James"
So, in Fr Jack's text, I started chasing down a footnote talking about the whole "Judas of James" / Judas Son of James. It mentions that while the scripture eludes "Son of" - the Church Fathers attribute Judas to be BROTHER of James.
Well, we also know from Tradition that James is the half-brother of Jesus by way of Joseph's first wife now deceased.
Later in the scripture, there's that line that asks "Is this the carpenter.... brother of James, Simon, and Judas" .
So, I'm chasing this down some more and Tradition says that the James, Brother of Jesus, is also the first bishop of Jersusalem and was author of the Epistle of St James.
In the Epistle of St Jude, the other says he is the Brother of James.
Now here's where it gets slippery: In the Orthodox Study Bible, it says in the introduction to the Epistle of St Jude that this is *NOT* the same Judas Thaddeus Labbeaus who was of the 12.
Then, I go consult New Advent - and it throws everything into disarray by saying that Judas Thaddeus Labbeus, the brother of James, is the brother of James son of Alpheus (James the Less).
So by now I'm really confused. I asked a priest friend of mine and he didn't know.
So, here's the question:
Judas Thaddeus Labbeaus - one of the Twelve. Who was he? Was he the brother or son of St James the Just, author of the Epistle of St James? Or was he the son or brother of James The Less (Son of Alpheus) ?
Did Judas Thaddeus Labbeus write the epistle of St Jude? Or is this a different guy?
Thanks in advance!