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General Summary of How the RDL Violates Vatican Directives #319703 04/22/09 11:03 PM
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I've had numerous requests for this pdf of late. I am not sure why I had not posted this before, except that I suppose I hoped people would write their own letters in their own style. I post it now since it appears that numerous learned people actually believe that the Revised Divine Liturgy restores authentic Eastern praxis, and that is demonstrably false. The RDL is far less Eastern (authentic to official forms in text and rubrics) then was the 1964.

The attached was originally part of a letter to Metropolitan Basil with copies to the other bishops. The response came from Bishop Andrew Pataki of Passaic (now retired) and was a very formal and strangely worded accusation of disobedience for the crime of asking an archbishop to reconsider a decision.

Just to keep things clear I note again that the Liturgy I have asked to make normative for the Ruthenian Church is that given in the the official Ruthenian Recension Liturgical Books published by Rome (beginning with the Liturgicon in 1941/1942). This is the one Rome has repeatedly directed our bishops to use and which they have for all these decades refused to declare normative. In the end, all that we ask of the bishops is to do what Rome has told them to do regarding Liturgy. This should never be confused with the "as celebrated" in some places.

Comments welcome.

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Ruthenian-RDL-Violations-Summary.pdf (56.97 KB, 3513 downloads)
Re: General Summary of How the RDL Violates Vatican Directives [Re: Administrator] #319748 04/23/09 01:23 PM
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Thank you for posting this John! Why does it not surprise me that Bishop Andrew repled as you say he did. smile

Re: General Summary of How the RDL Violates Vatican Directives [Re: Administrator] #319749 04/23/09 02:03 PM
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The Congregation for the Eastern Churches should prepare and promulgate an equivalent of Liturgiam Authenticam for the Eastern Catholic Churches, preferably one prepared in conjunction or consultation with the Orthodox Churches.


Does not the 1996 Instruction already in a sense do this for the Eastern Churches? It is a fairly solid document and the UGCC Synod has included the Instruction in the list of obligatory liturgical manuals for the entire Synod.

Re: General Summary of How the RDL Violates Vatican Directives [Re: Diak] #319764 04/23/09 03:12 PM
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Indeed, the Liturgical Instruction ought to be considered a guiding document for all the Eastern Catholic Churches, but I have been told by a number of Ruthenian priests that the Council of Bishops "has not received" a number of guidelines in the instructions, e.g., regarding restoration of Orthros and Vespers, suppression of Saturday vigil liturgies, and, of course, bringing liturgical usage into line with those of the counterpart Orthodox Church.

Re: General Summary of How the RDL Violates Vatican Directives [Re: StuartK] #319801 04/23/09 07:48 PM
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The Orthodox part is never taken into consideration when we discuss any possible "reform" of the Byzantine greek-catholic liturgy. In Romania at least. If here somebody will tell a greek-catholic priest that even the Orthodox have something to say in any possible reform of the rite, he not even take into consideration and look at you as some freak or something. In Romania there are even linguistical differences between the greek-catholics and the Orthodox...not to speak about the liturgical typica...

Re: General Summary of How the RDL Violates Vatican Directives [Re: LiturgicalStuff] #320683 05/03/09 09:23 PM
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At the risk of sounding less than charitable, it seems as though our hierarchs, in promulgating the RDL, incorporated inclusive language to pander to those who'd be the last to darken the doors of what they view as an "oppressive, patriarchal, sexist institution" (i.e., radical feminists) anyway.

I question why they didn't first try to get a "sense of the faithful" from the laity of the Ruthenian Church. The feeling I've always gotten from talking to lay women in the Church is that they are every bit as resistant as men, if not more so, to the use of gender-neutral, inclusive language even when restricted to a "horizontally-inclusive" sense. As I see it, everyone of goodwill in the Church knows that "...for He is gracious and loves mankind" in the Liturgy or "...for us and for all men" in the Creed applies to both males and females.

Re: General Summary of How the RDL Violates Vatican Directives [Re: Byzantinemo] #335288 10/19/09 01:42 AM
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RE: The feeling I've always gotten from talking to lay women in the Church is that they are every bit as resistant as men, if not more so, to the use of gender-neutral, inclusive language even when restricted to a "horizontally-inclusive" sense. As I see it, everyone of goodwill in the Church knows that "...for He is gracious and loves mankind" in the Liturgy or "...for us and for all men" in the Creed applies to both males and females.

I've not been following this subject, so I am walking into it blind ...except for the part about "gender neutral, inclusive language". No disrespect intended, but I am an old woman and have seen where this path goes- like a tangent it goes every and anywhere sometimes. The Blessed Trinity isn't gender neutral, the human family isn't gender neutral, God doesn't use gender neutral language and neither do families. When God speaks of mankind or men- it reminds me of our creation. I am inspired not offended.

Re: General Summary of How the RDL Violates Vatican Directives [Re: columba] #335300 10/19/09 04:26 AM
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Originally Posted by columba


I've not been following this subject, so I am walking into it blind ...except for the part about "gender neutral, inclusive language". No disrespect intended, but I am an old woman and have seen where this path goes- like a tangent it goes every and anywhere sometimes. The Blessed Trinity isn't gender neutral, the human family isn't gender neutral, God doesn't use gender neutral language and neither do families. When God speaks of mankind or men- it reminds me of our creation. I am inspired not offended.


Beautifully put!

Re: General Summary of How the RDL Violates Vatican Directives [Re: columba] #344862 03/09/10 02:22 AM
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Originally Posted by columba
I've not been following this subject, so I am walking into it blind ...except for the part about "gender neutral, inclusive language". No disrespect intended, but I am an old woman and have seen where this path goes- like a tangent it goes every and anywhere sometimes. The Blessed Trinity isn't gender neutral, the human family isn't gender neutral, God doesn't use gender neutral language and neither do families. When God speaks of mankind or men- it reminds me of our creation. I am inspired not offended.


I agree that the Holy Trinity is not gender neutral, nor is the human family. However, there are places in the original Greek where the language is gender neutral. For instance, "who for us [blank} and for our salvation, came down from heaven and became [blank] In both cases, the [blank] in the original Greek uses "Anthropos"--gender neutral, as opposed to "Anir"--gender specific male.

With that said, I would rather use gender specific than gender neutral.

(I am not trying to start a hissing match--so don't hoo until I say boo.)

Of course, one million monkeys on typewriters could be right.

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Re: General Summary of How the RDL Violates Vatican Directives [Re: Fr Brendan] #344879 03/09/10 01:44 PM
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Anthropos is not necessarily gender neutral.

Re: General Summary of How the RDL Violates Vatican Directives [Re: Fr Brendan] #344887 03/09/10 03:04 PM
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Originally Posted by Athanasius The L
Anthropos is not necessarily gender neutral.


Very true.

Originally Posted by Fr Brendan
However, there are places in the original Greek where the language is gender neutral. For instance, "who for us [blank} and for our salvation, came down from heaven and became [blank] In both cases, the [blank] in the original Greek uses "Anthropos"--gender neutral, as opposed to "Anir"--gender specific male.


The point, however, is that the Greek anthropos can be as gender neutral/specific as the English man. So why not use man/men to translate anthropos/anthropous? And why in the RDL rendering is man/men not used for the first [blank], "for us [blank]" but the RDL then DOES use it for the second [blank], "and became [blank]" giving, as the RDL's Creed has it, "and became man"?

Re: General Summary of How the RDL Violates Vatican Directives [Re: ajk] #345147 03/13/10 06:35 AM
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\\The point, however, is that the Greek anthropos can be as gender neutral/specific as the English man. So why not use man/men to translate anthropos/anthropous? And why in the RDL rendering is man/men not used for the first [blank], "for us [blank]" but the RDL then DOES use it for the second [blank], "and became [blank]" giving, as the RDL's Creed has it, "and became man"?\\

In Slavonic, as I understand it, "chellovek" (used to render anthropos) is neutral, while "muzh" (anir) is always male. Significantly, Psalm 1 in both Greek and Slavonic (and Latin, for that matter) use the word for gender specific "male". Therefore, "Blessed is the one...." is inaccurate.

Aa Greek Orthodox bishop justly renowned for his learning and piety who directed that the Creed be recited in English as "who for us and for our salvation..... and was made human," saying that this was a closer rendering of the Greek text.

Slavonic uses forms of "chellovek" and not "muzh" in this same place.

Inclusive language when used for political purposes is odious, but if the sense of the Greek (or Slavonic or Latin) is inclusive, I have no problem with it.

Re: General Summary of How the RDL Violates Vatican Directives [Re: bpbasilphx] #345158 03/13/10 02:46 PM
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I do not know the Greek Orthodox bishop in question, but after allowing the Holy Cross and other translations of the Creed the Greek Archdiocese did (several years ago) issue an official text, and includes the correct phrase: "Who for us men and for our salvation came down from heaven and was incarnate of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary and became man." I know that all Greek parishes have not yet adopted the official form of the Creed. See The Nicene Creed.

I am sure that this Greek bishop is renowned for his learning and piety, and I do not question it. Yet on this particular issue he is wrong. Stating "who for us and our salvation" leaves out a term (one which we generally translate into English as "men", and while "human" is equivalent it is very SciFi). His omitting to translate a term is something that many Roman Catholics wanted to do with their translation of the Creed, but which the Vatican clearly labeled as "theologically grave".

All gender neutral language is the result of politics, and is odious. Replacing phrases like "who for us men" (which is a clear reference to all men from Adam and Eve until the last child conceived before the Second Coming) with phrases like "who for us" (which is potentially exclusive because it could mean only those standing there at the moment) is bad theology.

Re: General Summary of How the RDL Violates Vatican Directives [Re: bpbasilphx] #345159 03/13/10 03:16 PM
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Originally Posted by bpbasilphx
\\The point, however, is that the Greek anthropos can be as gender neutral/specific as the English man. So why not use man/men to translate anthropos/anthropous? And why in the RDL rendering is man/men not used for the first [blank], "for us [blank]" but the RDL then DOES use it for the second [blank], "and became [blank]" giving, as the RDL's Creed has it, "and became man"?\\

In Slavonic, as I understand it, "chellovek" (used to render anthropos) is neutral, while "muzh" (anir) is always male. Significantly, Psalm 1 in both Greek and Slavonic (and Latin, for that matter) use the word for gender specific "male". Therefore, "Blessed is the one...." is inaccurate.


RSV Genesis 2:24 Therefore a man [LXX: anthrōpos; RST:chelovek] leaves his father and his mother and cleaves to his wife, and they become one flesh.

How is the Greek anthrōpos and the Slavonic/Russian chelovek gender neutral here?

There are other examples in scripture; this has been noted and discussed on this forum.

--------------

LXX: Septuagint
RST: Russian Synodal Translation
RSV: Revised Stamdard Version

Re: General Summary of How the RDL Violates Vatican Directives [Re: ajk] #345162 03/13/10 04:02 PM
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\\All gender neutral language is the result of politics, and is odious.\\

Not in and of itself. This is like saying that all cats are vicious (and I happen to be a cat lover).

One reason in my attempts at translation I've tried to distinguish between "anthropos" and "anir" is to show where the original uses one or the other.

Following similar reasoning, I've tried to distinguish between "sheol" and "gehenna" using these terms, rather than "hell" and "hades," which have become trivialized in popular speech.

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