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I'll reserve comment on this until I have a chance to read and review.

Many years,

Neil


"One day all our ethnic traits ... will have disappeared. Time itself is seeing to this. And so we can not think of our communities as ethnic parishes, ... unless we wish to assure the death of our community."
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[Linked Image from fsspx-fsipd.lv]

The above photograph is from Deacon Basil's book identifying the bishop as Blessed Leonid.

I first saw this photo in a magazine published by the Transalpine Redemptorists. It is available online: link.

It includes the caption:
Quote
The Exarch Leonid in full episcopal vestments. This is the important photograph that lends weight to the opinion that the Exarch was secretly consecrated a bishop by Metropolitan Sheptytski

The photo is used in these other webpages:

https://sib-catholic.ru/27-iyunya-blazhennyiy-leonid-fedorov-svyashhennik-i-muchenik-pamyat/

http://www.vselenskiy.narod.ru/p2.htm

The Holy Unia blog has an article on Blessed Leonid Feodorov which makes the following statement:

Quote
The three-day Russian rite Greek-Catholic Synod presided over by the Met-ropolitan opened on Monday, 29 May. Besides the Russian clergy, the principal Roman Catholic dignitaries of the capital were there. The Metropolitan showed everyone the authenticated copy of the pontifical document written by Pope Saint Pius X which authorised him to exercise his jurisdiction in Russia. He announced the nomination of the Exarch with episcopal jurisdiction. The nomination was at once recognized by the Provisional Government. Presumably the episcopal consecration of the Exarch was done in private for reasons which can easily be guessed and a public announcement that Exarch Leonid was a bishop could easily have condemned him to death.


So, I had accepted that Blessed Leonid was a bishop...

...until recently...

Below is the same photo (flipped), only this time the bishop shown is identified as Bishop Theofan of Poltava taken when he was in Bulgaria in the 1920's.

[Linked Image from antimodern.ru]

Here are 4 webpages about Bishop Theofan that use that same photo:

https://antimodern.ru/theophan/

https://antimodern.ru/library/theohanes/

https://antimodern.ru/vladyka/

Link.

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[Linked Image from fsspx-fsipd.lv]

The above photo also comes from Deacon Basil's book identifying the monk as Blessed Leonid.

The article from the Transalpine Redemptorists uses the same image with the caption:

Quote
1913 Archairos Rasaphor monk Leontios

The Russian Greek Catholic parish in Saint Petersburg provides the following two photographs of Blessed Leonid when he was a Studite monk in Bosnia around that same year:

[Linked Image from soshestvie-rkcvo.ru]

[Linked Image from soshestvie-rkcvo.ru]

It's not the same person.

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Eureka! I found it!

I can now confirm that the monk in the photo is not Blessed Leonid, but Bishop Theofan.

[img]http://www.pravoslavie.ru/sas/image/102292/229285.p.jpg?mtime=1455822744[/img]

The image won't display so here's the link to the source: https://orthochristian.com/90791.html

I'm surprised that this was never discovered earlier.

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This is from a Russian Catholic Encyclopedia webpage:

Quote
The Metropolitan wanted to consecrate Fr. Leonidas to the bishopric with his subordination directly to Rome and thereby complete the program outlined by Pius X, but yielded to the personal request of the exarch to postpone. Firstly, until the position on the Russian exarchate is completely settled in Rome, and secondly, to give him, Fedorov, to test his strength and prepare for the episcopal service.

Quote
...His spiritual image is especially vividly manifested in connection with the question of appointing a Russian bishop for the exarchate. This is how he is expressed in letters to Metropolitan Sheptytsky dated April 6, 1922 and July 1, 1923:

"You write" ut exsarcha fiat episcopus "(let the exarch become a bishop) ... Do not accuse me, dear Vladyka, of cowardice, of a desire to throw off a heavy burden from myself, from my shoulders and lay it on someone else. I remember what I promised You will not give up the episcopacy when necessary, but these five years of my hierarchical ministry have shown me that I am completely unsuitable for this great dignity ... I do not have the most essential properties necessary for a bishop, I, unfortunately, do not even the spirit of love for my faithful, there is little spirit of prayer, there is no firm, unshakable will to carry out my reforms, there is no perspicacity and knowledge of people, the ability not only to "lead your own line", but also to inspire it to others ...
I have no love for human society. They rightly say about me that "he is a martyr, but not an organizer" in the very sense that I am, of course, hardy, but I do not know how to force those around me to be imbued with my ideas ...
How grateful I am to the Creator that you then (that is, when you were appointed exarch) held your right hand and did not put it on me. I do not belong, as you know, to those hypocritically modest subjects who, having declared with a cry and sobbing about their unworthiness, then humbly substitute "your own" under the omophorion. I am a man of sound and dry mind, which makes me take seriously every work, and especially the work of the Holy Church. If I am a good preacher, I have a detailed knowledge of the Eastern Church, I can serve well and feel the spirit of the Eastern rite; if I am patient like a donkey and know how to bend in all directions; if I sometimes develop great energy, defending the Church and do not spare strength and health for this, this is not yet a patent for a bishopric. All this can be done with success by any priest ...
They will tell you about my love, kindness, they will extol my meekness and patience, they will even talk about my ability to penetrate the human soul. But all these are just my individual efforts, virtus ex necessitate (efforts of necessity), efforts that do not fit into my essence are never made by my inner "I" ... I strictly checked myself and came to the conviction that "born crawl, cannot fly. "
I may be the ideal creator of other people's assignments, but not the creator, and not Israel, struggling with God, but Job, lying on the rot. I have mastered Western thought and clarity, but the flabby oriental nature is firmly entrenched in me and does not lend itself to any influences.
A book, a cell, a quiet standing in the kliros and endless services, and above all loneliness and flight from people - this is my atmosphere ... But I cannot combine the apostolic life with the contemplative one. You know how much I love the Jesuits, but I will never dare to join their order, tk. this ideal is unattainable for me ... The hardest thing for me is people ...
In these difficult years, sometimes broken and exhausted, instead of going to bed, I sat in a chair and in complete silence and loneliness, in the light of only lamps, sat in a chair for two or three hours and enjoyed solitude. I realized that I was completely cut off from the world, I hardly thought about anything and looked at the face of Christ, illuminated by the quiet light of the lamp ... "all is vanity and vexation of the spirit." What a sheer truth.
An indefinable craving for monasticism and solitude is growing in me so much that I no longer think about the Studites [the monastic oriental order restored by Father Clement, brother of Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky], but about the Kamaldul [hermit monks] ...
Brought up in the rules of strict discipline , I do not understand at all how a subordinate can disobey his boss. And at a time when a real bishop, taking into account human weaknesses, must bring the unconquered to the senses by means of fatherly love influence, I am only able to punish him ...
For Russia, as a bishop, now a saint is needed, filled with gravitate sacerdotali (priestly authority), perspicacious, firm, able to inspire respect for himself ... I can still manage to stretch out for several years as an exarch, but take on such an enormous responsibility , i.e. to be the first Eastern bishop in Russia is beyond my strength ... " Source.


While in Solovki prison, Exarch Leonid requested Bishop Boļeslavs Sloskāns to ordain Father Donat Nowicki to the priesthood. Blessed Leonid would not have made the request if he were already a bishop. Source.

I have a personal devotion to Blessed Leonid, but based on what I have researched I have to come to the conclusion that he was never ordained a bishop.

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