Some Notes on the Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts

Noah and the ArkIn the early Church, it was thought that the solemnity with which the Church celebrated the Holy Forty Days Fast did not mesh so well with the incredibly joyful and triumphant nature of the Eucharistic Anaphora of the Divine Liturgy. So at the Council of Laodicea (A.D. 364) the celebration of the full Divine Liturgy was restricted to the Saturdays and Sundays of the Great Fast. To enable the faithful to communicate the Divine Eucharist on weekdays the Liturgy of Presanctified Gifts developed. Customarily, the faithful would fast from all food during the daylight hours and then, near the end of the day, join together to pray Vespers. Following Vespers the Eucharist – which had been consecrated the previous Sunday – was distributed. In some places the Presanctified Eucharist was distributed daily, but over time the custom arose of celebrating the Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts only on the Wednesdays and Fridays of Lent (plus a few other special days).

The Scripture readings at the Presanctified are from Genesis and Proverbs. From Genesis each year we learn all over again about the creation of the world, the fall of man, Cain and Abel, Noah and the Flood, God’s covenant with Abram, Sodom and Gomorrah, Abraham being put to the test, and then about Joseph and his brothers. From Proverbs we are taught the practical wisdom for living the moral life. While always profitable for the Believer these lessons date to the time when those preparing to be enlightened in Baptism attended the Vespers part of this liturgy. During the second half of Lent there are special petitions for those “ready for enlightenment”.

In current practice many of the melodies used to sing the texts of the Presanctified are set in a minor key, and this makes the service notably different from the festal celebrations of the Divine Liturgy on Saturdays and Sundays.

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First Prayer of the Faithful at Presanctified

O God, great and worthy to be praised, Who through the life-giving death of Your Christ has transferred us from corruption to incorruption: Deliver all our senses from deadly passions, setting over them our inner being as a sure guide. Let our eyes be blind to every evil sight; let our ears be deaf to idle chatter; and let our tongue be cleansed of unbecoming speech. Purify our lips which praise You, O Lord. Make our hands abstain from evil deeds and do only those things which are pleasing in Your sight. By Your grace strengthen our bodies and our minds. For to You belongs all glory, honor and worship, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, now and ever, and to the ages of ages. Amen.


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Teachings of Christ

“I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. (John 14:6 ESV)

Scripture

January 1, 2018
Circumcision of the Lord
St. Basil the Great
Vespers: Genesis 17:1-2, 4, 5-7, 8, 9-10, 11-12, 14, Proverbs 8:22-30, Proverbs 10:31-11:12,
Matins: John 10:9-16
Liturgy: Colossians 2:8-12, Luke 2:20-21,40-52, Hebrews 7:26-8:2, Luke 6:17-23

- Tuesday: 1 Timothy 3:14-4:5, Matthew 3:1-11
- Wednesday: 2 Timothy 4:5-8, Matthew 1:1-8
- Thursday: James 1:19-27, Mark 10:17-27
- Friday: 1 Cor 9:19-27, Luke 3:1-18

January 6, 2018
Theophany of the Lord
- First Royal Hour: Isaiah 35:1-10, Acts 13:25-32, Matthew 3:1-11
- Third Royal Hour: Isaiah 1:16-20, Acts 19:1-18, Mark 1:1-8
- Sixth Royal Hour: Isaiah 12:3-6, Romans 6:3-11, Mark 1:9-15
- Ninth Royal Hour: Isaiah 49:8-15, Titus 2:11-14; 3:4-7, Matthew 3:13-17
- Vespers and Divine Liturgy of St. Basil: 1) Genesis 1:1-13, 2) Exodus 14:15-18, 21-23, 27-29, 3) Exodus 15:22-27; 16:1, 4) Joshua 3:7,8,15-17, 5) 2 Kings 2:6-14, 6) 2 Kings 5:9-14, 7) Isaiah 1:16-20, 8) Genesis 32:1-10, 9) Exodus 2:5-10, 10) Judges 6:36-40, 11) 1 Kings 18:30-39, 12) 2 Kings 2:19-22, 13) Isaiah 49:8-15, 1 Corinthians: 9:19-27, Luke 3:1-18
- Blessing of Water: Isaiah 35:1-10, Isaiah 55:1-13, Isaiah l 12:3-6, 1 Corinthians 10:1-4, Mark 1:9-11
- Matins: Mark 1:9-11
- Liturgy: Titus 2:11-14, 3:4-7, Matthew 3:13-17

January 7, 2018
Sunday After Theophany
Synaxis of St. John the Baptist
- Matins: John 20:19-31
- Liturgy: Ephesians 4:7-13, Matthew 4:12-17, Acts 19:1-8, John 1:29-34

Thirty-Second Week After Pentecost
- Monday: James 2:14-26, Mark 10:46-52
- Tuesday: James 3:1-10, Mark 11:11-23
- Wednesday: James 3:11-4:6, Mark 11:23-26
- Thursday: James 4:7-5:9, Mark 11:27-33
- Friday: 1 Peter 1:1-2, 10-12, 2:6-10, Mark 12:1-12
- Saturday: 1 Thessalonians 5:14-23, Luke 17:3-10

January 14, 2018
Zacchaeus Sunday
- Matins: John 21:1-14
- Liturgy: 1 Timothy 4:9-15, Luke 19:1-10

Week of the Publican and Pharisee
- Monday: 1 Peter 2:21-3:9, Mark 12:13-17
- Tuesday: 1 Peter 3:1-22, Mark 12:18-27
- Wednesday: 1 Peter 4:1-11, Mark 12:28-37
- Thursday: 1 Peter 4:12-5:5, Mark 22:38-44
- Friday: 2 Peter 1:1-10, Mark 13:1-8
- Saturday: 2 Timothy 2:11-19, Luke 18:2-8

January 21, 2018
Sunday of the Publican and Pharisee
- Matins: John 21:15-25
- Liturgy: 2 Timothy 3:10-15, Luke 18:10-14

Week of the Prodigal Son
- Monday: 2 Peter 1:20-2:9, Mark 13:9-13
- Tuesday: 2 Peter 2:9-22, Mark 13:14-23
- Wednesday: 2 Peter 3:1-18, Mark 13:24-31
- Thursday: 1 John 1:8-2:6, Mark 13:31-14:2
- Friday: 1 John 2:7-17, Mark 14:3-9
- Saturday: 2 Timothy 3:1-9, Luke 20:45-21:4

January 28, 2018
Sunday of the Publican and Pharisee
- Matins: Matthew 28:16-20
- Liturgy: 2 Timothy 3:10-15, Luke 18:10-14

Feasts & Fasts

January
1 - Circumcision of Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ
Feast of St. Basil the Great, Sunday Before Theophany, New Year's Day (Civil)
6 - Theophany of Our Lord, God, and Savior, Jesus Christ
7 - Sunday After Theophany
14 - Sunday of Zacchaeus
15 - Martin Luther King Day (USA)
21 - Sunday of the Publican and Pharisee
28 - Sunday of the Prodigal Son
30 - Synaxis of the Ecumenical Teachers and Hierarchs: Basil the Great, Gregory the Theologian, and John Chrysostom

February
2 - Encounter of Our Lord, God, and Savior, Jesus Christ with Simeon and Anna
3 - First All-Souls Saturday
4 - Sunday of the Second Coming of Christ (Meat-Fare)
11 - Forgiveness Sunday (Cheese-Fare)
12 - Beginning of the Holy Forty Days Fast
18 - First Sunday of the Great Fast (Sunday of Orthodoxy)
19 - Washington's Birthday (President's Day) (USA)
24 - Second All-Souls Saturday
25 - Second Sunday of the Great Fast (St. Gregory Palamas)

Please pray!

"They were stoned, they were sawn in two, they were killed with the sword...." (Hebrews 11:37a)

Please lift up in prayer all those who are persecuted and deprived of liberty, everywhere in the world. Please especially remember the peoples of Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Niger - the whole Middle East and Africa - who are literal martyrs for Christ. Also the peoples of Ukraine. They are our brothers, for all are one in Christ.

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Theophany

When You were baptized in the Jordan, O Lord, * worship of the Trinity was revealed, * for the Father's voice bore witness to You, calling You His “beloved Son”, * and the Spirit in the form of a dove confirmed the certainty of these words. * O Christ God, * Who appeared and enlightened the world, glory to You! (Troparion, Tone 1)

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now and ever and to the ages of ages. Amen.

You have appeared to the whole world today, * and Your light, O Lord, is signed upon us, * who with knowledge sing praise to You: * "You have come, and You have appeared, O Unapproachable Light." (Kontakion, Tone 4)

Random Proverb

"One gives freely, yet grows all the richer; another withholds what he should give, and only suffers want." (Proverbs 11:24 ESV)

Pray Without Ceasing

Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner.

Wisdom from the Church Fathers

What toil we must endure, what fatigue, while we are attempting to climb hills and the summits of mountains! What, that we may ascend to heaven! If you consider the promised reward, what you endure is less. Immortality is given to the one who perseveres; everlasting life is offered; the Lord promises His Kingdom.

St. Cyprian