by Bishop Sarhad Yawsip Jammo

Genesis of a Liturgical Reform: The Chaldean Patriarchal Synod, held in Baghdad on the days between the 14 th and 18 th of January 1992, and presided by his Beatitude Mar Raphael I Bidawid of blessed memory, in accordance with Canon 124 of the Eastern Code, decreed the formation of a Patriarchal Liturgical Committee, to be headed by Mar Andrews Sana (who chaired the Committee until his retirement in 2003), and composed of three experts, the Reverends: Jacques Isaac (now bishop), Mons. Peter Yousif, and Sarhad Jammo (now bishop).  Their mandate was to present to the Holy Synod a historical study and a draft of a reform for the Divine Raze and the other sacraments of the Church

Acts of the Committee: The Committee held six meetings between June 1994 and March 1997, five in Rome and one in Paris, and presented its first draft of the Divine Raze to the Holy Synod on April 15, 1997, with the related explanation. The Fathers of the Synod, during their meeting in Lebanon on May 1997, reviewed the Draft as presented by the members of the Committee, and requested, later, the opinion and comments of their dioceses. The Committee received the comments and suggestions from the Chaldean clergy during the following months, and held two meetings in Rome to give them due consideration: from May 25 to June 2, 1999, then from May 8 to 13, 2000, and presented an updated draft of the Takhsa d-Raze to the Holy Synod in Rome on the following day, May 14, 2000.

Authoritative Reference: The Congregation for the Eastern Churches of the Holy See, on 6 January 1996, issued an “Instruction for the Application of the Liturgical Prescriptions of the Code of Canons for the Eastern Churches.” This Instruction is based on the genuine liturgical traditions of the Eastern Churches, and was composed upon the directives of the Holy See in that regard, and, accordingly, it has formulated principles and rules that are pertinent to the liturgical worship of all the Catholic Eastern Churches. Therefore, as expressed in the Instruction: “The Authorities of each Church Sui Juris, according to the indications of the Apostolic Constitution Sacri Canones, are invited to receive them with full readiness and to insert them in the prescriptions of their particular liturgical law.” (Chapter 1, 6). In the fulfillment of their mandate, the Liturgical Committee followed diligently the guidance of the Holy See.  

Acts of the Holy Synod: The Fathers of Holy Chaldean Synod, during the period of their meeting in Baghdad , from the 16 th to the 24 th of October 2002, after listening to the presentation of the members of the Liturgical Committee, gave their approval to the proposed Reformed Takhsa.

Recognitio of the Holy See: On April 12, 2003 , the Reformed Takhsa, with a complete English translation, was presented to the Holy See for the canonical Recognitio.  The Congregation for the Eastern Churches responded on July 20, 2004, with appropriate observations and directives. In fulfillment with the instruction of the Holy See, the Liturgical Committee held a two-week meeting, on July 12-26, 2005, in San Diego, California, and updated the text of the Takhsa accordingly. In a Special Synod held in Rome on November 8-12 2005, the Chaldean Hierarchs gave the Chaldean Ordo of the Divine Raze their final retouches, as well as their final approval.  On November 15, 2005, His Beatitude Mar Emmanuel III Delly presented the final version to the Holy See for the final Recognitio, which was communicated to His Beatitude by a letter of the Oriental Congregation dated February 18, 2006.

Final Decision of the Holy Synod: Finally, the Holy Chaldean Synod, held in Shaqlawa 9-11 May 2006, decided the time of implementation of the New Missal to be January 6, 2007, as promulgated in an official Statement in the patriarchal magazine Najm Al-Mashriq (n.46 of 2006, pp. 161-163).

St. Peter Diocese will be ready to implement on time.

Deceber 5, 2006

Teachings of Christ

“Everyone who drinks of this water will be thirsty again, but whoever drinks of the water that I will give him will never be thirsty again. The water that I will give him will become in him a spring of water welling up to eternal life.” (John 4:13-14 ESV)

Lenten Prayer of St. Ephrem

O Lord and Master of my life, drive away from me the spirit of despondency, carelessness, love of power, and idle chatter. (Prostration)

Rather grant to me, Your servant, the spirit of wholeness of being, humility, patience, and love. (Prostration)

Yes, O Lord and King, grant that I may see my own faults and not condemn my brother; for You are blessed to the ages of ages. Amen. (Prostration)

Random Proverb

"My son, be attentive to my wisdom; incline your ear to my understanding, that you may keep discretion, and your lips may guard knowledge." (Proverbs 5:1,2 ESV)

Pray Without Ceasing

Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner.

Wisdom from the Church Fathers

The Holy Eucharist is the first, most important, and greatest miracle of Christ. All the other Gospel miracles are secondary. How could we not call the greatest miracle the fact that simple bread and wine were once transformed by the Lord into His very Body and His very Blood, and then have continued to be transformed for nearly two thousand years by the prayers of priests, who are but simple human beings? And what is more, this mystery has continued to effect a miraculous change in those people who communicate of the Divine Mysteries with faith and humility. 

St. Ambrose of Optina