An Agreed Statement on the Church

U.S. Theological Consultation, 1974

Issued by the Orthodox-Roman Catholic Bilateral Consultation in the U.S.A.

  1. Christianity is distinguished by its faith in the Blessed Trinity. In the light of this revelation Christianity must interpret the world and every aspect of it. This revelation has obvious implications for the interpretation of the nature of the church.

  2. The church is the communion of believers living in Jesus Christ and the Spirit with the Father. It has its origin and prototype in the Trinity in which there is both distinction of persons and unity based on love, not subordination.

  3. Since the church in history is constituted by the Spirit as the body of Christ, the continuity of the church with its origin results from the active presence of the Spirit. This continuity is expressed in and by historical forms (such as Scripture and sacraments) which give visibility to the continuing presence of the Spirit but it does not result merely from a historical process.

  4. Sharing in Christ and the Spirit, the local church is at once independent in its corporate existence: a church, and at the same time interdependent in relation to other churches.

    The independent existence of the local church is expressed best in its eucharistic celebration. The sacramental celebration of the Lord's presence in the midst of his people through the working of the Spirit both proclaims the most profound realization of the church and realizes what it proclaims in the measure that the community opens itself to the Spirit.

  5. The independence of local eucharistic communities, in the disciplinary and constitutional spheres, was curtailed in the early church as soon as priests became leaders of the local churches. The dependence of local churches on the territorial bishop found its counterpart in the dependence of bishops on the "first" bishop (archbishop, metropolitan, patriarch) as territories were divided among bishops.

    The interplay of independence and communality on the local, territorial, and patriarchal levels mirrors the church's prototype: the Trinity, which the church can only approach.

  6. The fundamental equality of all local churches is based on their historical and pneumatological continuity with the church of the apostles. However, a real hierarchy of churches was recognized in response to the demands of the mission of the church. Still this did not and cannot exclude the fundamental equality of all churches.

  7. The Catholic and Orthodox Churches explain differently the meaning of this hierarchy of churches.

    The Catholic Church recognizes that the position of Peter in the college of the apostles finds visible expression in the Bishop of Rome who exercises those prerogatives defined by Vatican Council I within the whole church of Christ in virtue of this primacy.

    The Orthodox Church finds this teaching at variance with its understanding of primacy within the whole church. It appears to destroy the tension between independence and collegiality. For interdependence, a basic condition for collegiality, appears to be removed as a consequence of the jurisdictional and teaching role attributed to the Patriarch of the West by Vatican Council I. The Orthodox believe that a necessary primacy in the church depends on the consent of the church and is at present exercised by the Patriarch of Constantinople.

  8. Our two traditions are not easily harmonized. Yet we believe that the Spirit is ever active to show us the way by which we can live together as one and many. We have the hope that we will be open to his promptings wherever they may lead. "For only so will harmony reign, in order that God through the Lord in the Holy Spirit may be glorified, the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit" (Apostolic Canons, Cn. 34).
New York, NY
December 10, 1974
11th meeting

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Teachings of Christ

“Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick. I have not come to call the righteous but sinners to repentance.” (Luke 5:31-32 ESV)

Scripture

July 8, 2018
Seventh Sunday After Pentecost
- Matins: John 20:1-10 (Gospel 7)
- Liturgy: Romans 15:1-7, Matthew 9:27-35

Eighth Week After Pentecost
- Monday: 1 Corinthians 9:13-18, Matthew 16:1-6
- Tuesday: 1 Corinthians 10:5-12, Matthew 16:6-12
- Wednesday: 1 Corinthians 10:12-22, Matthew 16:20-24
- Thursday: 1 Corinthians 10:28-11:7, Matthew 16:24-28
- Friday: 1 Corinthians 11:8-22, Matthew 17:10-18
- Saturday: Romans 13:1-10, Matthew 12:30-37

July 15, 2018
Eighth Sunday After Pentecost
- Matins: John 20:11-18 (Gospel 8)
- Liturgy: 1 Corinthians 1:10-18, Matthew 14:14-22
Fathers of the First Six Ecumenical Councils
- Vespers: Genesis 17:15-17, 19; 18:11-14; 21:1-7, Judges 13:2-8, 13-14, Composite 19
- Liturgy: Hebrews 13:7-16, John 17:1-12

Ninth Week After Pentecost
- Monday: 1 Corinthians 11:31-12:6, Matthew 18:7-11
- Tuesday: 1 Corinthians 12:12-26, Matthew 18:18-22; 19:1, 2, 13-15
- Wednesday: 1 Corinthians 13.4-14:5, Matthew 20:1-16
- Thursday: 1 Corinthians 14:6-19, Matthew 20:17-28

July 20, 2018
Holy Prophet Elias
- Vespers: 3 [1] Kings 17:1-23, 3 [1] Kings 18, 19, 3 [1] Kings 19:19, 20, 21, 4 [2] Kings 2:1, 6-14
- Matins: Luke 4:22-30
- Liturgy: James 5:10-20, Luke 4:22-30

- Friday: 1 Corinthians 14:26-40, Matthew 21:12-14, 17-20
- Saturday: Romans 14:6-9, Mathew 15:32-39

July 22, 2018
Ninth Sunday After Pentecost
- Matins: John 20:19-31 (Gospel 9)
- Liturgy: 1 Corinthians 3:9-17, Matthew 14:22-34

Feasts & Fasts

July
1 - Canada Day (Canada)
4 - Independence Day (USA)
15 - Sunday of the Holy Fathers of the First Six Ecumenical Councils
20 - Holy, Glorious Prophet Elias

August
1-14 - Dormiton Fast
6 - Transfiguation of Our Lord, God and Savior, Jesus Christ
15 - Dormition of the Mother of God

Please pray!

"They were stoned, they were sawn in two, they were killed with the sword...." (Hebrews 11:37a)

Please lift up in prayer all those who are persecuted and deprived of liberty, everywhere in the world. Please especially remember the peoples of Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Niger - the whole Middle East and Africa - who are literal martyrs for Christ. Also the peoples of Ukraine. They are our brothers, for all are one in Christ.

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Pentecost

Blessed are You, O Christ our God, * Who has shown the fishermen to be all wise, * by sending down to them the Holy Spirit, * and through them You have caught the whole world in Your net. * O Lover of Mankind, glory to You. (Troparion - Tone 8)

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now and ever, and to the ages of ages. Amen.

When the Most High descended, confusing tongues, * He divided the nations; * but when He distributed the tongues of fire, * He called all to unity; * and, with one voice, * we glorify the Most Holy Spirit. (Kontakion - Tone 8)

Random Proverb

"My son, do not forget my teaching, but let your heart keep my commandments, for length of days and years of life and peace they will add to you." (Proverbs 3:1,2 ESV)

Pray Without Ceasing

Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner.

Wisdom from the Church Fathers

"'And [Naaman] dipped himself . . . seven times in the Jordan' [2 Kgs. 5:14]. It was not for nothing that Naaman of old, when suffering from leprosy, was purified upon his being baptized, but [this served] as an indication to us. For as we are lepers in sin, we are made clean, by means of the sacred water and the invocation of the Lord, from our old transgressions, being spiritually regenerated as new-born babes, even as the Lord has declared: `Except a man be born again through water and the Spirit, he shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.'"

St. Irenaeus of Lyons (190 AD), Fragment 34