The Byzantine Forum
Newest Members
Atomic Parakeet 1, Anna777, HeraclitusTheObscu, Charbelknox, Andreas_Iacobus
5,828 Registered Users
Who's Online Now
1 members (theophan), 75 guests, and 22 robots.
Key: Admin, Global Mod, Mod
Latest Photos
Holy Saturday from Kirkland Lake
Holy Saturday from Kirkland Lake
by Veronica.H, April 24
Byzantine Catholic Outreach of Iowa
Exterior of Holy Angels Byzantine Catholic Parish
Church of St Cyril of Turau & All Patron Saints of Belarus
Byzantine Nebraska
Byzantine Nebraska
by orthodoxsinner2, December 11
Forum Statistics
Forums26
Topics35,137
Posts414,729
Members5,828
Most Online3,380
Dec 29th, 2019
Previous Thread
Next Thread
Print Thread
Joined: May 2008
Posts: 1,405
L
Member
OP Offline
Member
L
Joined: May 2008
Posts: 1,405
In the Catholic Churches a man must be 35 to be ordained a bishop (CIC can. 378 §1; CCEO can. 180).

What is the age requirement in the Orthodox Churches?

Joined: Nov 2003
Posts: 526
Likes: 1
F
Member
Offline
Member
F
Joined: Nov 2003
Posts: 526
Likes: 1
I understand that 33(the age of Our Saviour at the time of His death on the cross)to be the minimum age.However,there are cases of 30 year olds being made bishops,the bishop under whose omophor I serve,Longin of the Serbian Church,was made bishop at age 30(HE WAS ORDAINED PRIEST sometime before his 20th birthday,having already taken monastic vows).Bishop Longin was ordained priest sometime in '75,I was ordained a priest two years later before my 25th birthday.I know I'm getting old when my bishop is younger than me!

Joined: Nov 2001
Posts: 7,309
Likes: 1
S
Member
Offline
Member
S
Joined: Nov 2001
Posts: 7,309
Likes: 1
An eighteen year old became Pope, a sixteen year old became Patriarch of Constantinople. Of course, I am not sure we want to hold these up as examples.

Joined: Jun 2006
Posts: 5,564
F
Member
Offline
Member
F
Joined: Jun 2006
Posts: 5,564
If I'm not mistaken, there was once a 12-year-old who became Pope. He eventually resigned.

Fr. Serge

Joined: Jan 2002
Posts: 2,010
C
Member
Offline
Member
C
Joined: Jan 2002
Posts: 2,010
The current (and recently elevated) Archbishop of Michalovce and Kosice, Juraj, was consecrated at the age of 27. He was born on October 19, 1979. http://www.mpe.orthodox.sk/?page_id=118

Dave

Joined: Nov 2001
Posts: 7,309
Likes: 1
S
Member
Offline
Member
S
Joined: Nov 2001
Posts: 7,309
Likes: 1
Quote
If I'm not mistaken, there was once a 12-year-old who became Pope. He eventually resigned.

Ah, the good old days. I'm sure if he had not resigned, he would have been strangled.

Joined: May 2007
Posts: 1,028
A
Member
Offline
Member
A
Joined: May 2007
Posts: 1,028
Many Russian bishops were consecrated at the age of 30 or thereabouts in the Soviet era. The current Patriarch of Moscow was bishop at 30 and archbishop at 31, and his mentor Nikodim of Leningrad was notorious for becoming bishop at 31 and Metropolitan at 33.

I've read that Archbishop Chrysostom (Kiousis), head of the largest Greek Orthodox Old Calendarist jurisdiction, recently ordained some bishops who were only between the ages of 29 and 34.

Last edited by asianpilgrim; 09/09/09 02:37 AM.
Joined: May 2007
Posts: 1,028
A
Member
Offline
Member
A
Joined: May 2007
Posts: 1,028
Incidentally, the minimum age for bishops in the Roman Catholic Church was 30 until 1983. Popes Pius XII and Paul VI appointed some very young bishops and archbishops, especially in the Third World -- Cardinal Arinze was bishop at 32 and archbishop at 34. Until the 19th century there were clerics who were elevated to the episcopate in their 20's

(There were some super-young bishops behind the Iron Curtain -- Cardinal Korec was made bishop at the age of 27 - but this was to a great extent forced by the circumstances.)

At present, though, it is already considered remarkable for someone in his early 40's to be made bishop. Yesterday there was much astonishment in my country when a 48-year-old bishop (consecrated at the age of 40) was elevated to a major Archdiocese in the Philippines.


Last edited by asianpilgrim; 09/09/09 02:39 AM.
Joined: May 2008
Posts: 1,405
L
Member
OP Offline
Member
L
Joined: May 2008
Posts: 1,405
Thank you, Fr. Al. That's very interesting. I like the symbolism of the age of 33.

Joined: Nov 2001
Posts: 7,309
Likes: 1
S
Member
Offline
Member
S
Joined: Nov 2001
Posts: 7,309
Likes: 1
Age requirements traditionally have been guidelines, not something written in stone. It is interesting that, as far as I can tell, there was never any ancient canon about the minimum age for a bishop, but there was for a presbyter. Most of the ancient canons state that a presbyter should be at least thirty years old, which by the standards of that day would have made him a solidly mature man (remember, forty was middle aged, and sixty was decrepit). So the Church was looking for mature men, who by that time probably had seen something of the world, had a wife and a family, and a solid reputation in the community.

How interesting, then, that the age at which we are willing to ordain presbyters has decreased to twenty five, which by the standards of our time is barely out of adolescence (a concept with which the ancients were unfamiliar), and with hardly any experience of the world at all.

If we were to live by the spirit of the patristic canons, then we should probably not ordain a man to the presbyterate until his late thirties or early forties, at least, which ought to obviate the need for any minimal pertaining to bishops.

Of course, age requirements ought to be regarded as advisory, with ready exceptions made for the exceptional man or exceptional circumstances.

Joined: Nov 2003
Posts: 526
Likes: 1
F
Member
Offline
Member
F
Joined: Nov 2003
Posts: 526
Likes: 1
I don't know that there is a specfic canon mentioning the age 33,I think that's an "unwritten" rule.ROCOR Metropolitan Anastasy was made bishop in 1906 at age 33 and reposed in 1965 at age 92.His 59 year episcopacy has not been surpassed by any hierarch,Catholic.Orthodox, or other(at least I don't think any longer episcopacy has been documented).I know of at least two hierarchs who passed the 50 year anniversary as bishops,Patriarch Alexei I of Russia,and Metropolitan Vitaly of ROCOR.

Joined: Nov 2002
Posts: 6,855
Likes: 21
Moderator
Member
Online Content
Moderator
Member
Joined: Nov 2002
Posts: 6,855
Likes: 21
Add Archbishop John Mark Gannon, formerly of Erie, Pennsylvania, from 1918 to 1968: 50.6 years.

Joined: Jul 2007
Posts: 458
Member
Offline
Member
Joined: Jul 2007
Posts: 458
Originally Posted by theophan
Add Archbishop John Mark Gannon, formerly of Erie, Pennsylvania, from 1918 to 1968: 50.6 years.

The founder of my Alma Mater and just about everything else Roman Catholic within the Diocese of Erie wink

Joined: May 2008
Posts: 1,405
L
Member
OP Offline
Member
L
Joined: May 2008
Posts: 1,405
There are some Catholic hierarchs who were bishops for more than 60 years.

Pope Leo XIII [en.wikipedia.org] is one example. He was ordained bishop aged 33 and died aged 93, having been 60 years a bishop and 25 years Bishop of Rome.

Another example is Archbishop Francis Redwood [catholic-hierarchy.org] of Wellington, New Zealand. He was ordained Bishop of Wellington in 1874 at the age of 35, promoted Metropolitan Archbishop of Wellington in 1887, and died in office in 1935 aged 96, having been 60 years a bishop, all of them in the same See!

Joined: May 2008
Posts: 1,405
L
Member
OP Offline
Member
L
Joined: May 2008
Posts: 1,405
By the way, it is interesting that the three youngest Catholic bishops (and the only ones under 40) today are all Eastern Catholics: Bishop Mihai Cătălin Frăţilă (38) of the Romanian Greek-Catholic Church, Bishop Sviatoslav Shevchuk (39) of the Ukrainian Greek-Catholic Church in Argentina, and Bishop Vasile Bizău (39) of the Romanian Greek-Catholic Church.


Moderated by  Alice, Father Deacon Ed, theophan 

Link Copied to Clipboard
The Byzantine Forum provides message boards for discussions focusing on Eastern Christianity (though discussions of other topics are welcome). The views expressed herein are those of the participants and may or may not reflect the teachings of the Byzantine Catholic or any other Church. The Byzantine Forum and the www.byzcath.org site exist to help build up the Church but are unofficial, have no connection with any Church entity, and should not be looked to as a source for official information for any Church. All posts become property of byzcath.org. Contents copyright - 1996-2022 (Forum 1998-2022). All rights reserved.
Powered by UBB.threads™ PHP Forum Software 7.7.5